1. Orton’s Theory of Cerebral Dominance:
Research developed by Samuel Orton during his studies in the 1930s explored the possibility that reading disabilities were connected to hemispheric indecision in the brain (Hyatt, 2007). Hemispheric indecision refers to equal amount of skill in both right and left hemispheres and is often connected to one’s handedness (Mayringer & Wimmer, 2002).
2. Doman Delacato Theory of Development
Doman Delacato theory of development uses neurological repatterning to rewire the brain in instances where an individual may have missed a fundamental stage of development. The assumption is that by mastering movements that imitate early developmental stages (eg. crawling), one is able to repattern the neurons to leave the child “neurologically intact and ready to acquire academic skills (Hyatt, 2007).
3. Perceptual Motor Training
Perceptual Motor Training suggests that learning problems are the result of the inability to incorporate visual, motor, and auditory skills, and uses physical activities which require coordination of these sensory skills in order to improve cognitive functions (Hyatt, 2007).